Top JavaScript Frameworks for Web Applications Development

Definition : JavaScript is a high-level programming language primarily used for developing dynamic web applications and interactive web pages. The language is used as the core element by most websites.

In terms of trends lets first start with a review of the state of JavaScript according to the latest survey.

A software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by an additional user-written code. JavaScript frameworks are also following on these words, where the software developers can manipulate the functions and use them for their convenience.

Reasons to use Frameworks in JS:

  • They are based on components
  • They have a large community
  • Offers plenty of third party libraries to deal with things
  • Includes browser extensions that help debugging things
  • They are good for doing single page applications

A much controversial tweet once said, “Frameworks come and go but core technologies stay.

That’s why it’s very important to learn the foundation technologies that many frameworks are trying to abstract from : JavaScript, CSS, HTML, SQL”

  1. React

Is a JavaScript library created by Facebook, also used by Netflix and Instagram, it is mainly used to create JS-driven dynamic web apps in this regard can be compared to Angular & Vue.

It’s fast, secure, and scalable. It provides a fabulous user and developer experience. its popularity is growing as it’s created and supported by Facebook and a vibrant community. If you are wondering which technology to choose for your project, React is the best choice.

Developed by Facebook, was initially released in 2013. Facebook uses React extensively in their products (Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp). The current stable version is 16.X, released in November 2018 (with smaller incremental updates since then).

Based on the stats on the internet, React has been dominating the previous year and according to the stats it is more than likely to also come above for 2020.

2. Angular

Angular is a platform and framework for building single-page client applications using HTML and TypeScript. Angular is written in TypeScript. It implements core and optional functionality as a set of TypeScript libraries that you import into your apps.

Angular, is developed by Google, first released in 2010, making it the oldest of the bunch. It is a TypeScript-based JavaScript framework.

3. Vue

Vue is a progressive framework for building user interfaces. Unlike other monolithic frameworks, Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. The core library is focused on the view layer only, and is easy to pick up and integrate with other libraries or existing projects.

Vue, also known as Vue.js, is the youngest member of the group. It was developed by ex-Google employee Evan You in 2011.

There are many other frameworks out there for JavaScript, and are released on a daily basis.

4. Ember.JS

Ember.jpg (Source: pinterest)

Ember is a client-side open-source framework for creating single-page web applications with complex user interactions. This framework boasts scalability and flexibility. It gets regular updates and provides a full package of commonly used features.

Another MVC framework, works just like Angular, without so much flexibility. Great for meeting deadlines.

Uses of this framework:

Ember was listed in JetBrains 2019 Survey as one of the most used JavaScript framework. Tech giants such as Netflix, LinkedIn,Twitch, Microsoft rely on this framework.

Advantages:

  • Well-written documentation. On the official website, you can find guides and tutorials on how to build applications with Ember. All documentation for older versions is also available, along with a quick start guide that will help you build your first Ember app in minutes.
  • Ember CLI. The Ember command-line interface is an easy-to-use tool that facilitates development. It provides a standard application structure and builds pipelines.
  • MVVM architecture. Ember works with the Model–View–ViewModel pattern and boasts two-way data binding.
  • Ember Data. Ember provides a built-in data layer, which makes it super simple to keep the UI in sync with the backend.

Disadvantages:

  • Ember is a highly opinionated framework. This means there’s one preferred way to do certain tasks. Performing tasks in any other way may be hard and frustrating.
  • Ember is closely tied to jQuery. For some developers who prefer using standard fetch or Axios for AJAX requests, this may be a disadvantage.

Conclusion

The JavaScript frameworks makes it much easier to program certain features according to needs of the website being developed. It is most important to keep up with these trends. I have mentioned 4 frameworks but there are many out there that exist and it is always great to learn and apply new methodologies in a way that could advance the clients needs.

Source: pinterest

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Siyabonga Chili

Software Developer @Integrove | Computer Science Graduate @UKZN | Johannesburg, SA